International Bar Association
In Colonial America, attorneys trained attorneys but most held no
"title of nobility" or "honor". There was no requirement that one be a
lawyer to hold the position of district attorney, attorney general, or judge; a citizen's
"counsel of choice" was not restricted to a lawyer; there were no state or
national bar associations. The only organization that certified lawyers was the
International Bar Association (IBA), chartered by the King of England, headquartered in
London, and closely associated with the international banking system. Lawyers admitted to
the IBA received the rank "Esquire" -- a "title of nobility".
"Esquire" was the principle title of nobility which the 13th Amendment sought to prohibit from the United States. Why? Because the loyalty of "Esquire" lawyers was suspect. Bankers and lawyers with an "Esquire" behind their names were agents of the monarchy, members of an organization whose principle purposes were political, not economic, and regarded with the same wariness that some people today reserve for members of the KGB or the CIA.
Article 1, Sect. 9 of the Constitution sought to prohibit the International Bar Association (or any other agency that granted titles of nobility) from operating in America. But the Constitution neglected to specify a penalty, so the prohibition was ignored, and agents of the monarchy continued to infiltrate and influence the government (as in the Jay Treaty and the US Bank charter incidents). Therefore, a "title of nobility" amendment that specified a penalty (loss of citizenship) was proposed in 1789, and again in 1810. The meaning of the amendment is seen in its intent to prohibit persons having titles of nobility and loyalties foreign governments and bankers from voting, holding public office, or using their skills to subvert the government.
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