What July 4 is all about.
of the Presidency
The "Zero Factor,"
U.S. History Fact-O-Rama
about the U.S. of A.
The First Blood Shed for the Revolution
The first casualty associated with the start of the American Revolutionary War was a man
named Crispus Attucks, who died alongside several associates during the infamous
"Boston Massacre." Attucks was 27 years old and a natural born leader, according
to his friends. He was also an escaped slave.
Truly Outstanding Work
In the late 1960's a Texas legislator became annoyed with his fellow legislators' habit of
passing bills without giving them proper study and consideration. He therefore introduced
a bill commending Mr. Albert DiSalvo for his outstanding work in population control. At
the time, Mr. DiSalvo was on trial for a series of murders and was better known by his
nickname, The Boston Strangler. The Bill passed unanimously.
The Pearl Harbor Conspiracy
The U.S. knew the Japanese were going to bomb Pearl Harbor a full ten hours before the
attack on December 7, 1941. American forces intercepted a 14-part Japanese message and
deciphered it by 4:37 a.m. Washington time. The message supposedly remained in the code
room for 3 hours before President Roosevelt was notified. By 11:00 a.m., the message was
transmitted to all areas of the Pacific except Hawaii, where the receiver was supposedly
not working. Pearl Harbor finally received the message 3 hours after the attack and after
3000 people lost their lives.
Some historians believe that President Roosevelt deliberately withheld the message from
Hawaii in order to provide the U.S. with adequate justification for entering World War II.
The ensuing military buildup succeeded where Roosevelt's New Deal had failed, pulling the
United States out of the state of bankruptcy on a tide of crimson and steel.
American History Factoids
Until 1796, there was a State called Franklin
which is now part of the State of Tennessee. There were other
short lived States including Jefferson,
Shasta, Klamath (all between Oregon and California), Superior (Upper
Michigan) and Nickajack (Northern Alabama).
Deleware was originally part of
originally established as the State of Deseret.
Virginia was originally established as the State of Kanawha.
is allowed to divide itself into as many as 5 new States.
According to the writers of the U.S. Constitution, a National tax would be an External
Tax. An Internal tax is a local tax within a State, Territory or the District of Columbia.
In 1914, the first year that the Federal Income tax was imposed, only one percent of the
U.S. population was required to pay the new tax. Per capita, the average tax was .41 cents
Until 1863, postal service in the United States was free. In that year,
the U.S. entered an international treaty requiring nations to pay for
their mail delivery to other countries.
Although Betsy Ross ran a munitions factory from her basement, she did not design the
American Flag. It was designed by Congressman Francis Hopkinson, a naval flag designer,
who was paid by
the U.S. government for his design.
The U.S. Congress regulates the number of Justices on the Supreme Court. Originally having
only six Justices, it had as many as ten at one time. In 1826, Congress voted to set the
membership at nine.
When it was first established, the U.S. Supreme Court used juries.
The White House was originally called the Presidential Palace and the President was
addressed as "His Excellency."
The dome on Monticello, Thomas Jefferson's home, conceals a billiards room. In
Jefferson's day, billiards were illegal in Virginia.
George Washington became the only 6 Star General in the History of the U.S.
Military when President Jimmy Carter ordered a promotion in the Founding Father's rank.
High in the Middle
and Round on Both Ends
Was President/Supreme Court Justice William Howard Taft a citizen of the United States?
Taft, citizen of Ohio, was elected President and appointed to the Supreme Court during a
150 year period when Ohio was not actually a State of the Union, due to a legal
technicality. Although Ohio had met all the requirements for Statehood in 1803, Congress
did not approve Ohio's Statehood at the time. It wasn't until August 7th, 1953 that Ohio
reapplied for Statehood. Congress approved the application and made it retroactive to
1803. But since the Constitution prohibits Congress from passing retroactive legislation,
everything that William Howard Taft had done in his career as President and Supreme Court
Justice would legally become null and void. To avoid a Constitutional crisis, the U.S.
Courts refused to discuss the issue, referring concerned citizens to address the matter
with Congress, which has refused to approach the matter.
But... But... What About
The Continental Congress had a Thanksgiving Holiday on Thursday, December 18, 1777, to
celebrate the defeat of General Burgoyne at Saratoga. In 1789, George Washington had a
one-time Thanksgiving Holiday on Thursday, November 26 to celebrate the new Constitution.
Because President Jefferson felt that proclaiming a national holiday was extremely
unconstitutional, the idea of a Thanksgiving Holiday was dropped... until Mrs. Sarah
Josepha Hale, editor of Godey's Lady's Book, entered the scene in 1846. After
campaigning for years to have Thanksgiving proclaimed a national holiday, even in the
midst of the Civil War, Mrs. Hale finally convinced President Lincoln to proclaim the last
Thursday of each November as a National holiday for Thanksgiving. (FDR moved the holiday
to the 3rd Thursday of November to allow retailers more time to cash in on the Christmas
I Pledge Allegiance to the Officially Designated Flag
The Pledge of Allegiance was written by Francis Bellamy in 1892 for a children's magazine
to commemorate Columbus Day. It originally read, "I pledge allegiance to my Flag and
the Republic for which it stands -- one nation indivisible -- with liberty and justice for
all." The verse became a popular Columbus Day tradition and later, a daily school
recital. In 1923, the U.S. Flag Association replaced "my flag" with "the
flag of the United States of America." In 1954, Congress added "under God."
In God We Twist
"In God We Trust" has appeared on most U.S. coins since about 1864. During the
Civil War, rising popular religious sentiment prompted Secretary of Treasury Salmon Chase
to back U.S. money with God. It was not until 1956 that Congress made the motto a legal
requirement on U.S. currency.
This Law only Applies to YOU.
The Emancipation Proclamation abolished slavery only in the Southern States that were
under the control of the rebellious Confederate government. With Slavery remaining legal
in the rest of the States that previously allowed it, it was not officially abolished
until the passage of the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
Presidency for Sell
The Presidential Election of 1876 was won by Samuel J. Tilden, a Southern Democrat
sympathetic to Southern States who were imposed with puppet governments after the Civil
War. The Republicans, in charge of the post Civil War reconstruction and biased against
the Southern States were not willing to allow a Southern Democrat into the office of
President and thus ordered Federal military troops to change the results of the election
in favor of Republican Rutherford B. Hayes by using voter fraud, bribery, forgery and
perjury. On November 8 of that year, Tilden had won the election with 4.3 million votes
over the 4 million votes for Hayes and 193 electoral votes over Haye's 173 electoral
votes. After having many Democratic votes thrown out for various made up reasons, the
final result of the election was left in the hands of J. Madison Wells, the election board
chairman for the State of Louisiana. Realizing what was going on, Wells demanded bribes
for his votes from both political parties. After giving the election to Hayes, Wells
received a large compensation package from the Republican party. With Wells final support
for Hayes, the Democrats cried foul and threw the election results into the hands of a
special Congressional commission stacked with Republicans who then favored Republican
Hayes. The Democrats, still upset, protested in Congress but agreed to stop contesting
Hayes election to the Presidency in exchange for Federal troops being removed from the
If you have a factoid on U.S. History that you would like to add to this page, send
factoid and source to: email@example.com.
More 4th of July Festivities: